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Swedish/English Glossary of Causes of Death and other Archaic Medical Terms

Swedish Term

English Translation

Ǻlderdom

Old age.

Example from an 1823 Swedish Church Record:

Andtäppa

Shortness of breath, Asthma.

Example from an 1883 Blekinge, Sweden Church Record:

Anfall

Seizure

Apoplexi

Apoplexy

Artrit

Arthritis

Astma

Asthma

Avgått med döden

Died (departed through death)

Avliden

Deceased, Death

Avsomna

Die, Death

Barnsäng

Childbirth

Barnsbörd

Childbirth.

Example from an 1823 Swedish Church Record:

Bleksot

Chlorosis

Blödning

Bleeding

Böld

Abscess, Boil

Boskapssjukan

Anthrax. [A System of Practical Medicine, Pepper, 1885].

Brand

Gangrene, Canker

Bronkit

Bronchitis

Bröstfeber

Pneumonia.

Example from an 1823 Swedish Church Record:

Bröstsjuka

Chest illness, Pneumonia

Bröstvärk

Chest pain

Denguefeber

Dengue, Dengue fever

Diarre

Diarrhea

Difteri

Diphtheria.

Example from an 1898 Blekinge, Sweden Church Record:

Död

Dead, Death

Dödsorsak

Cause of death

Example from an 1883 Blekinge, Sweden Church Record:

Dragsjucka

Cerebro-Spinal Fever. [A Treatise on the Continued Fevers, Wilson, 1881].

Drunknad

Drowned

Dysenteri

Dysentery

Falla

Fall, Killed in war

Fallande sot

Epilepsy

Fältfeber

Typhoid fever

Feber

Fever

Feberfrossa

Malaria

Fläckfeber

Typhus

Förgiftad

Poisoned

Förlamning

Paralysis, Palsy

Frossa

Ague, Malaria

Gikt

Gout, Arthritis

Gulsot

Jaundice, Icterus

Håll och stygn

Pneumonia

Hetsig feber

Inflammatory fever

Hjärnblödning

Stroke, Cerebral hemorrhage

Hjärtslag

Cardiac arrest

Hopphosta

Whooping cough in Sweden. [Nothnagel1902]

Hosta

Cough

Influensa

Influenza, Flu

Kallbrand

Gangrene, Mortification.

Example from an 1898 Blekinge, Sweden Church Record:

Katarr

Catarrh

Kichhosta

Whooping cough in Sweden. [Nothnagel1902]

Kikhosta

Pertussis, Whooping cough

Example from an 1883 Blekinge, Sweden Church Record:

Klassisk svinpest

Typhoid, classical swine fever, hog cholera, pig typhoid, swine fever, swine plague

Kloros

Chlorosis

Kolera

Cholera

Kolik

Colic, Gripes

Koppor

Smallpox. [English and Swedish pocket-dictionary, Grandberg, 1832].

Kräfta

Cancer

Example from an 1883 Blekinge, Sweden Church Record:

Kramp

Convulsions.

Example from an 1898 Blekinge, Sweden Church Record:

Kramphosta

Whooping cough in Sweden. [Nothnagel1902]

Kvävning

Suffocation

Lunginflammation

Pneumonia

Lungsot

Consumption, Tuberculosis. [English and Swedish pocket-dictionary, Grandberg, 1832].

Example from an 1823 Swedish Church Record:

Magref

Colic

Magsjukdom

Stomach disease

Magvärk

Stomachache

Malaria

Malaria, Jungle fever

Mässling

Measles

Mördad

Murdered

Nacksjucka

Cerebro-Spinal Fever. [A Treatise on the Continued Fevers, Wilson, 1881].

Nervfeber

Typhoid fever

Olycka

Accident, Misfortune

Omkommen

Died accidentally, Drowned

Påssjuka

Mumps

Pest

Plague

Rakitis

Rachitis

Reumatism

Rheumatism

Rödsot

Dysentery. [English and Swedish pocket-dictionary, Grandberg, 1832].

Ros

Erysipelas

Scharlakansfeber

Scarlet fever, Scarlatina

Example from an 1883 Blekinge, Sweden Church Record:

Självmord

Suicide

Sjuk

Sick

Sjukdom

Sickness

Skörbjugg

Scurvy

Skrofler

Scrofula, The King's Evil

Slaganfall

Stroke

Example from an 1898 Blekinge, Sweden Church Record:

Smittkoppor

Smallpox, variola.

Example from an 1883 Blekinge, Sweden Church Record:

Stelkramp

Tetanus, Lockjaw

Stupa

Killed in war

Svaghet

Weakness, Feebleness. [English and Swedish pocket-dictionary, Grandberg, 1832].

Example from an 1883 Blekinge, Sweden Church Record:

Svullnad

Swelling, Bloating

Svulst

Tumor

Syfilis

Syphilis, Lues

Tärande sjukdom

Pneumonia, Consumption

Tuberkulos

Tuberculosis

Tumör

Tumor

Tyfoidfeber

Typhus, typhoid fever

Tyfus

Typhoid, typhoid fever, typhus

Vattenkoppor

Chicken pox

Vattensot

Edema, Dropsy. [English and Swedish pocket-dictionary, Grandberg, 1832].

Example from an 1823 Swedish Church Record:

Vattkoppor

Chickenpox, Varicella

Venerisk sjukdom

Venereal disease

Visit the SweGGate for more Swedish medical terms. Also see Catherina's Genealogy for another list of Swedish disease names.