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Animal disease: A disease that typically does not affect human beings

Acorn Calves


African Swine Fever

Hog Cholera


Akabane virus disease, the symptom complex seen in fetal sheep or calves after their mothers have been bitten by insects and infected with the Akabane virus; fetuses have encephalomyelitis or defective brains (sometimes hydranencephaly) and arthrogryposis. [Dorland]


A tick-borne disease of cattle, sheep, and deer caused by a bacterium of the genus Anaplasma (A. marginale) and characterized especially by anemia and by jaundice called also gall sickness, galziekte. [Merriam]

Animal Disease

A disease that typically does not affect human beings. [Wordnet]

Ape Pox

A variolous disease in the form of a general exanthem said to affect the wild apes in the West Indies during epidemics of variola. [Appleton1904]

Avian Influenza

Avian influenza (AI) is a disease of viral etiology that ranges from a mild or even asymptomatic infection to an acute, fatal disease of chickens, turkeys, guinea fowls, and other avian species, especially migratory waterfowl  [GrayBook]

Bacillary White Diarrhea

A serious bacterial disease of young chickens. [Wordnet]


Any of various diseases of animals characterized by edema of the head and neck. [Wordnet]

Black Disease


Black Tongue /Disease

A disease of dogs similar to human pellagra and due to niacin deficiency. [CancerWEB]

Blind Staggers

A disease of the central nervous system affecting especially horses and cattle; characterized by an unsteady swaying gait and frequent falling. [Wordnet]


Bluetongue (BT) and epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) are insect-borne viral diseases of ruminants characterized by acute or subacute clinical courses in susceptible ruminants. The BT virus (BTV) and EHD virus (EHDV) have also been associated with congenital disease in sheep and cattle. [GrayBook]

Bog Spavin

A soft swelling produced by distention of the capsular ligament of the hock; -- called also {blood spavin}. [Webster1913]

Bone Spavin

Spavin attended with exostosis; ordinary spavin. [Webster1913]


Worms which breed in the intestines of horses; the maggots of the horse gadfly. [Hoblyn1855]

A diseased condition in horses and oxen, thought to be due to the larva of the estrus equi. Various morbid conditions, such as colic, convulsions, and staggers, have been ascribed to their presence, but as a rule they are innocuous. [Appleton1904].

Bot - the larva of the Estrus equi. [Appleton1904]

Bovine Babesiosis

An infectious disease of cattle caused by Babesia species and transmitted by ticks. Synonym: bovine hæmoglobinuria, redwater fever, Texas fever, tick fever. [CancerWEB]


A term applied to many fatal diseases of sheep, and especially to a form of anthrax or carbuncular fever. [Dunglison1874]

Broken Wind

A chronic emphysema of the horse that causes difficult expiration and heaving of the flanks. [Wordnet]

Brooder Pneumonia

Severe respiratory disease of birds that takes the form of an acute rapidly fatal pneumonia in young chickens and turkeys [syn: aspergillosis] [Wordnet]

Bull Nose

A disease of pigs resulting in swelling of the snout. [Wordnet]

Canine Chorea

Chorea in dogs.

Canine Distemper

An infectious viral disease occurring in dogs, characterized by loss of appetite, a catarrhal discharge from the eyes and nose, vomiting, fever, lethargy, partial paralysis caused by destruction of myelinated nerve tissue, and sometimes death. [Heritage]

Cattle Plague


Chicken Cholera Epidemic disease of fowls, with inflammation and ulceration of the organs of digestion, etc. [Dunglison 1903].

Classical Swine Fever

Hog Cholera


A disease in the feet of cattle; laminitis. --Crabb. [Webster1913]


A fatal disease of fresh-water fish caused by a flagellated protozoan invading the skin. [Wordnet]

Covering Disease





A disease of cattle and sheep attributed to a dietary deficiency; characterized by anemia and softening of the bones and a slow stiff gait. [Wordnet]

Curly Calf Disease


Curly Lamb Disease



This form of sore throat is characterized by swelling between the bones of the lower jaw, which terminates in an abscess. [Kendall1881]


A disease of the liver (especially in sheep and cattle) caused by liver flukes and their by-products. Synonyms: black disease, liver rot, sheep rot [Wordnet]


A contagious disease especially of horses and asses that is caused by a member of the genus Trypanosoma (T. equiperdum) transmitted during copulation and that commonly assumes a chronic course marked by inflammation of the genitals, subcutaneous edematous plaques, low-grade fever, progressive paralysis, emaciation, and death. [Merriam].

Dragon Boat Disease

Bovine Ephemeral Fever

Dummy Calf Disease


El Dourin



A disease (as pulpy kidney disease of lambs) attributed to absorption of a toxin from the intestine called also overeating disease. [Merriam]

Feline Distemper

A disease similar to canine distemper in cats characterized by fever, vomiting, diarrhea leading to dehydration, and sometimes death. [Heritage]

Foot and Mouth Disease

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral infection primarily of cloven-hoofed domestic animals (cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and water buffalo) and cloven-hoofed wild animals. The disease is characterized by fever and vesicles with subsequent erosions in the mouth, nares, muzzle, feet, or teats. [GrayBook]

Foot Rot

Contagious degenerative infection of the feet of hoofed animals (especially cattle and sheep). [Wordnet]


This disease is inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the foot of the horse. [Kendalll881].

A lameness in the foot of a horse, occasioned by inflammation; closh. [Webster1913]

Fowl Cholera

An acute diarrheal disease (especially of chickens) caused by the microorganism that causes hemorrhagic septicemia. [Wordnet]

Fowl Pest

An acute viral disease of domestic fowl; characterized by refusal to each and high temperature and discoloration of the comb. [Wordnet]

Fowl Plague

Avian Influenza


An open sore on the back of a horse caused by ill-fitting or badly adjusted saddle. [Wordnet]

Fowl Plague

Avian Influenza

Gall Sickness



A specific inflammation, affecting the skin of the heals of a horse, which is especially interesting from the circumstance that the matter, if inserted under the cuticle of an unprotected individual, may give rise to an infection. - Grease pox. [Dunglison1874]

Grease Pox



A serious febrile disease of sheep, goats, and cattle in southern Africa that is caused by a bacterium of the genus Cowdria (C. ruminantium) transmitted by a bont tick (Amblyomma hebraeum) called also heartwater disease, heartwater fever. [Merriam]


Broken Wind

Hog Cholera

A very fatal and epidemic disease occurring among hogs, of a contagious nature, characterized by skin eruptions, coughing, and dyspnea. It runs its course very fast, and is accompanied with rapid emaciation, debility, and frequently paralysis of the extremities. [Dunglison 1903]

A highly infectious, often fatal viral disease of swine, characterized by fever, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and exhaustion. Also called African swine fever. [Heritage]

Hoof and Mouth Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease

January Disease

East Coast Fever


An inflammation and swelling of the soft parts of the roof of the mouth immediately behind the fore teeth in the horse; -- called also {lampers}. [Webster1913].


A swelling of some of the lower bars of a horse’s mouth; so named because formerly removed by burning with a lamp or hot iron [Kendall1881]

Liver Rot


Loco Disease

A disease of livestock caused by locoweed poisoning; characterized by weakness and lack of coordination and trembling and partial paralysis. [Wordnet]


Loco Disease


Louping-ill (Ll) is an acute viral disease primarily of sheep that is characterized by a biphasic fever, depression, ataxia, muscular incoordination, tremors, posterior paralysis, coma, and death. Louping-ill is a tick-transmitted disease whose occurrence is closely related to the distribution of the primary vector, the sheep tick Ixodes ricinus. [GrayBook]

Lumpy Skin Disease

Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an acu:te to chronic viral disease of cattle characterized by skin nodules that may have inverted conical necrosis (sitfast) with lymphadenitis accompanied by a persistent fever. [GrayBook]

Mad Cow Disease

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy


(of old). A species of lepra or elephantiasis. Malanders or Mallenders, is a disease of the horse, which consists of a scurfy eruption on the inside of the hock, or a little below it, as well as at the bend of the knee. It is called Mallenders in the foreleg, and Sallenders in the hind leg. [Dunglison1868]


The scab or itch in cattle, dogs, and other beasts. [Webster1913]


A disease of cattle and swine in which the flesh is filled with the embryos of different varieties of the tapeworm. [Webster1913]

Milk Sickness

Disease of livestock and especially cattle poisoned by eating certain kinds of snakeroot. [Wordnet]

Moon Blindness

Recurrent eye inflammation in horses; sometimes resulting in blindness. [Wordnet]


Moon Blindness


A French term for the secretion of the mucous membrane of the nose, and for glanders in the horse; one of the forms of equinia. [Hoblyn1900].

Mud Fever

Erythema of the horse. [Stedman 1918].


An infectious and fatal disease among cattle. --Bacon. [Webster1913]

Muzzle Disease



A condition characterized by the presence of myxomas in the body; specifically : a severe disease of rabbits that is caused by a poxvirus (genus Leporipoxvirus), is transmitted by mosquitoes, biting flies, and direct contact, and has been used in the biological control of wild rabbit populations. [Merriam]


An often fatal disease of African ungulates caused by various species of trypanosomes and transmitted by the bite of the tsetse fly. Also called tsetse disease. [Heritage].

African animal trypanosomiasis (AAT) is a disease complex caused by tsetse-fly-transmitted Trypanosoma congolense, T. vivax, or T. brucei brucei, or simultaneous infection with one or more of these trypanosomes. African animal trypanosomiasis is most important in cattle but can cause serious losses in pigs, camels, goats, and sheep. Infection of cattle by one or more of the three African animal trypanosomes results in subacute, acute, or chronic disease characterized by intermittent fever, anemia, occasional diarrhea, and rapid loss of condition and often terminates in death. In southern Africa the disease is widely known as nagana, which is derived from a Zulu term meaning "to be in low or depressed spirits"— a very apt description of the disease. [GrayBook]

Nairobi Sheep Disease

Nairobi sheep disease (NSD) is a noncontagious, tick-borne, viral infection of sheep and goats characterized by hemorrhagic gastroenteritis and high mortality. [GrayBook]

Nasal Gleet

This is a chronic discharge from the nostrils of a horse of a whitish, muco-purulent matter. [Kendall1881]

Night Blindness

Moon Blindness

Pest of Small Ruminants

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute or subacute viral disease of goats and sheep characterized by fever, erosive stomatitis, conjunctivitis, gastroenteritis, and pneumonia. Goats are usually more severely affected than sheep. [GrayBook]

The Pip

A contagious disease of fowls, characterized by hoarseness, discharge from the nostrils and eyes, and an accumulation of mucus in the mouth, forming a ``scale'' on the tongue. By some the term pip is restricted to this last symptom, the disease being called roup by them. [Webster1913]

Poll Evil

A deep abscess ending in an ulcerous sore, with numerous sinuses in the forward part of the neck, in horses and cattle. [Dunglison1874]


Lumpy Skin Disease

Quarter Crack

A crack on the inside of a horse's forefoot. [Wordnet]

Quarter Evil

The disease known in this country as quarter-evil or black-leg is identical with the French Charbon symptomatique and the German Rauschbrand. Symptomatic anthrax in a very slight degree resembles anthrax. The disease occurs usually in young cattle from a few weeks to about twelve months old, and attacks sheep and horses, but not swine or poultry. It is characterized by the development of an emphysematous swelling of the subcutaneous tissue and muscles, generally over the hind quarter. Infected animals cease feeding, the temperature rises, lameness supervenes, and death occurs in about forty-eight hours. The tumour on incision is found to contain a quantity of dark sanguineous fluid, with characteristic bacilli. (also called The Blood, Blood Striking, Black Leg, Black Quarter). [Crookshank1896]


A chronic abscess in the hoof, caused by a bruise or prick of the sole, or from calk of one foot being pressed into the coronet of the other, confined pus from suppuration, corn, etc. [Kendall1881]


Bovine Babesiosis. A disease of cattle; characterized by hematuria [GrayBook]


Inflammation of the nasal cavities and trachea; especially : a disease of the upper respiratory system in cats and especially young kittens that is characterized by sneezing, conjunctivitis with discharge, and nasal discharges. [Merriam].

A respiratory infection of the nose and throat in cattle. [Wordnet]


Rinderpest (German for cattle-plague, which is the English synonym), one of the most infectious and fatal diseases of oxen, sheep, goats, camels, buffaloes, yaks, deer, etc.; a virulent eruptive fever which runs its course so rapidly and attacks such a large percentage of ruminants when it is introduced into a country, that from the earliest times it has excited terror and dismay. It is an Asiatic malady, and has prevailed extensively in south Russia, central Asia, China, Indo-China, Burma, India, Persia, Ceylon and the Malay Archipelago. Thence it has at times been carried into Europe, and towards the end of the I9th century into South Africa. It appeared in Egypt in 1844 and 1865, Abyssinia in 1890, Japan in 1892, and the Philippines in 1898. [Britannica1911].

A highly contagious distemper or murrain, affecting meat cattle, and less commonly sheep and goats; -- called also {cattle plague}, {Russian cattle plague}, and {steppe murrain}. [Webster1913]


The pip. A disease of domestic fowl resembling diphtheria. [Appleton1904]

Russian Cattle Plague


Saddle Sore

An open sore on the back of a horse caused by ill-fitting or badly adjusted saddle. [Wordnet]

Sand Crack

A fissure in the wall of a horse's hoof often causing lameness. [Wordnet]


Diarrhea in livestock.


A fatal disease of sheep characterized by chronic itching and loss of muscular control and progressive degeneration of the central nervous system. [Wordnet]

Screwworm Myiasis

Myiasis is the infestation of live vertebrate animals with dipterous larvae, which for at least a certain period feed on the host's dead or living tissue, liquid body substances, or ingested food. Depending on their reliance on the host, such larvae are classified as obligatory or facultative. Screwworms are classified as obligatory because they feed on live tissue. Screwworm larvae penetrate deeply into a wound of a warmblooded animal and feed on living tissue and body fluid. Facultative larvae, which feed on dead tissue and decaying matter, may be present in wounds — even simultaneously with screwworm larvae. [GrayBook]

Sheep and Goat Pox

Sheep and goat pox (SGP) is an acute to chronic disease of sheep and goats characterized by generalized pox lesions throughout the skin and mucous membranes, a persistent fever, lymphadenitis, and often a focal viral pneumonia with lesions distributed uniformly throughout the lungs. Subclinical cases may occur. [GrayBook]

Sheep Rot


Shipping Fever

Shipping Pneumonia

Shipping Pneumonia

A deadly form of septicemia in cattle and sheep; involves high fever and pneumonia; contracted under conditions of exposure or exhaustion (as often happens when the animals are shipped to market). [Wordnet]

Silly Calves



Slobbers results when horses eat legume forages, particularly clover, which have been parasitized by the fungus Rhizoctonia leguminicola. This fungus produces an alkaloid called slaframine, which is responsible for the excessive drooling and slobbering. Slaframine stimulates glands (i.e. salivary) and smooth muscles. While the fungus most commonly affects red clover, it can also be found on white clover, alsike clover and alfalfa. It forms a nearly invisible black patch on the leaves of the plant, a spot only clearly visible under a microscope. The mold grows best in wet weather and high humidity. Horses are most commonly affected, although cattle, sheep, goats and swine are also susceptible. Along with excessive salivation, symptoms include tearing, difficulty breathing, increased urination and feed refusal, and, in severe cases, diarrhea. There have been reports of aborted foals. []

Sore Muzzle



A disease of horses characterized by a bony swelling developed on the hock as the result of inflammation of the bones; also, the swelling itself. The resulting lameness is due to the inflammation, and not the bony tumor as popularly supposed. --Harbaugh. [Webster1913]


Blind Staggers

Stallion Sickness


Step Murrain


Stomach Bot

The stomach bots are produced from the eggs laid on the fore legs of the horse by the bot fly. Symptoms are an unthrifty coat and loss of flesh after running out to pasture. [Kendall1881]


Distemper. [Kendall1881].

In the horse, a febrile disease generally attacking young animals and terminating in the formation of an abscess or abscesses in the areolar tissue of the submaxilliary space. The symptoms are choking and give rise to the name. [Appleton1904].

Sweating Sickness

A disease of cattle (especially calves). [Wordnet]


A wasting away of the muscles of the shoulder in a horse. [Kendall1881]

Swine Fever

Hog Cholera

Texas Fever

Bovine Babesiosis. An infectious disease of cattle first identified in Texas, characterized by high fever, anemia, and emaciation and caused by a parasitic protozoan (Babesia bigemina) that is transmitted by cattle ticks. [Heritage]

Synonyms: Southern cattle fever, tick fever, red water, black water, distemper, acclimation fever, murrain, dry murrain, yellow murrain, bloody murrain, Mexican fever, Spanish fever, splenic fever, protozoan cattle fever, paludism of cattle, bovine periodic fever, and bovine malaria.

Tick Fever

Bovine Babesiosis

Toe Crack

A crack on the forepart of a horse's hindfoot. [Wordnet]


a. An infectious viral disease of sheep that is transmitted by the tick Ixodes ricinus and affects the nervous system, causing galloping and trotting by little leaps and often prolonged trembling. Also called louping ill. b. Poisoning of domestic animals, especially cattle and sheep, caused by eating white snakeroot or rayless goldenrod and characterized by muscular tremors and weakening. Also called milk sickness. [Heritage]



Tsetse Disease



(a) A small, hard tumor which is produced on the back of a horse by the heat or pressure of the saddle in traveling. (b) A small tumor produced by the larv[ae] of the gadfly in the backs of horses, cattle, etc. Called also {warblet}, {warbeetle}, {warnles}. [Webster1913].

A lumpy abscess under the hide of domestic mammals caused by larvae of a botfly or warble fly. [Wordnet]